A fiber to the home (FTTH) network constitutes a fiber-based access network, connecting a large number of end users to a central point known as an access node or point of presence (POP). Each POP will install the required transmission equipment to provide the applications and services over optical fiber to the subscriber. Each POP is served by a central metropolitan or urban fiber network, which connects all the access nodes throughout a large network or region. The two most widely used fiber network technologies are Passive Optical Networks (PONs) and Active Optical Networks (AONs). The network infrastructure for Passive Optical Networks (PONs) is a Point-to-Multipoint (PMP) medium sharing topology. The passive splitter multiplies the signal on the fiber optics into optical subscriber branches. Active Optical Networks (AONs) also known as Point-to-point (PTP) network infrastructure, a so called dedicated medium network which enable each dedicated end user direct connection to the POP by dedicated optical fiber. It is typically using Ethernet transmission technologies. The diagram shows FTTH network topology.
Point-to-Point Fiber Network Description