The Internet of things – IOT

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Seems to be quite a common phrase, now a days. But, is it really something new? We’ve been using automation as a tool for quite some time now. In fact, we moved from using tools to machines for ease of use way back during industrial revolution day or what we know as “renaissance” in modern history.

So what’s the difference? We need to understand the evolution stages, something like Darwin’s pictorial view? The advent of machines for easing the labor we indulge into naturally for getting things done, started way back in history during early man ages or what we call as the Stone Age. We made levers, pulleys, wheels, inclined etc. Then we had the Renaissance Age, when we learnt to build compass, human anatomy, wings, fans etc. Afterwards there came an age of Industrial Revolution, when the engines were made. And then in 20th Century we started the concept of automation – The industrial automation, where the machines worked for machines which were operated by humans.

Now taking the Industrial automation to home, is what we call IOT – Internet Of Things.

The challenges

The moment we talk of home automation, one thing which comes as the biggest bottleneck is – standardization. Like we have standards in data networking with all manufacturers making equipment’s on open standard of IP, as defined by IEEE, unfortunately in consumer electronics, we don’t have such practices. An IFB washing machine could be very different from a Samsung machine, a whirlpool AC could be very different than a carrier AC. In commands, in operations, on remote etc.

Thus the biggest challenge in bringing all these consumer electronics goods like AC, geysers, microwave oven, OTG, refrigerators, generators, dish washers, washing machine, TV, surveillance cameras, door control, wireless routers, set‐top‐box, internet TV, home theatre systems etc. on one single network is – one common standard.

For this, now there is a standard from IEEE. It’s IEEE 1905, which eventually CE manufacturers would start following. Good part is, many data networking companies, which are working in this sector, have already started developing solutions on this latest standard.

The 1905 standard

IEEE 1905.1 is an IEEE standard which defines a network enabler for home networking supporting both wireless and wireline technologies: IEEE 802.11 (marketed under the Wi‐Fi trademark), IEEE 1901 (HomePlug, HD‐PLC) powerline networking, IEEE 802.3 Ethernet and Multimedia over Coax (MoCA).

The IEEE P1905.1 working group had its first meeting in December 2010 to begin development of convergence digital home network specifications. Around 30 organizations participated in the group and achieved approval of the draft P1905.1 standard in January 2013 with final approval and publication by IEEE‐SA in April 2013.

The IEEE 1905.1 Standard Working Group is sponsored by the IEEE Power Line Communication Standards Committee (PLCSC).


The benefits of 1905.1 technology include simple setup, configuration and operation of home networking devices using heterogeneous technologies. Leveraging the performance, coverage and mobility benefits of multiple interfaces (Ethernet, Wi‐Fi, Powerline and MoCA) enables better coverage and throughput in every room for both mobile and fixed devices.

Standardizing the use of multiple networking technologies to transmit data to a single device in a transparent manner enables powerful use cases in home networks:

  • Increase the capacity by load balancing different streams over different links.
  • Increase robustness of transmissions by switching streams from one link to another in case of link degradation.
  • Better integrate consumer appliances with limited network connectivity (powerline only) and high end network devices (typically Ethernet only) into a common network accessible via 802.11ac and 802.11n for appliance control and media streaming purposes
  • Unify device certification under one regime for all major networking protocols. Generally reduce the number of different devices required and permit storage, processing and user interface functions to migrate to migrate to purpose‐specific peripherals on a 2 to 5 gigabit networked "bus" or backbone.

The Solution - ZyXEL

We show‐cased our solution offering during Broadband World Forum Europe (BBWFE) 2014 from October 21st to 23rd 2014, in the Netherlands. We have been at the forefront of home and carrier grade networking innovation for more than 25 years. Our Smart Home suite builds on a comprehensive range of broadband access and home networking solutions. These include powerful features like automated
smoke, flood and intrusion detection, as well as home energy management and remote heating and lighting control, creating a truly comprehensive set of tools with the power to make automated digital
living a reality.

The addition of tools like OneConnect to ZyXEL’s extensive portfolio gives end users the ability to manage existing wired and wireless components remotely through a mobile app. End users no longer have to spend time mastering a variety of networking products. With technology based upon the IEEE1905.1 industry standard, network devices now work together seamlessly, like a family. This further demonstrates ZyXEL’s commitment to supplying Telcos with solutions designed to open lucrative new revenue streams while meeting the future needs of their customers.

Inspiring the Evolution of Access Transformation

ZyXEL’s products are designed to help customers fully exploit the potential of their existing copper infrastructure, while also implementing new FTTx solutions seamlessly with low investment risk. ZyXEL’s cutting‐edge solutions allow service providers to offer affordable, reliable, high‐bandwidth Internet connectivity to subscribers, as well as new revenue generating services such as Smart Home solutions.

ZyXEL’s VDSL2 Vectoring technology, a central feature of the company’s new VMG8924/VMG8948 VDSL CPE range, is a perfect example of how ZyXEL can help service providers realize maximum return on investment from their existing assets. By cancelling the crosstalk generated within bundled VDSL2 lines, vectoring effectively doubles the available bandwidth, and almost triples service coverage.

ZyXEL also offers a full range of E2E GPON solutions, allowing service providers to transition seamlessly from DSL to fiber, and ultimately roll‐out Fiber‐to‐the‐Home triple play services with broadband, television and telephone connectivity all carried over a single fiber link.

The unique scalability and flexibility of ZyXEL’s comprehensive range of VDSL2 and FTTx products stems from its extensive worldwide experience in the deployment of industry leading access solutions, as well as the company’s long‐standing determination to help service providers lower their investment risk, streamline network integration and stay ahead of the competition.

Contributed by ZyIN.